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The Protheoria :: The Ninth Hour and Vespers :: The Mesonyktikon and Orthros :: The Divine Liturgy :: The Daily Diataxis :: The Sunday Diataxis

In the Hesperinos :: In the Orthros :: The Antiphons of the Liturgy :: In Forefeasts and Afterfeasts: Hesperinos :: In Forefeasts and Afterfeasts: Morning

The typike diataxis
for the Daily Service
of
Hesperinos [1] , the Orthros and Liturgy

1. In the Hesperinos, after the Introductory Psalm, at the Lord, I have cried, we chant the stichera prosomoia of the mode of the week from the Parakletike, 2 from the first three stichera, 1 from the second three, and 3 of the Saint of the day from the Menaion. Glory, Both now and the prosomoion theotokion, (or staurotheotokion [crucifixional theotokion], on Tuesday and Thursday evenings), O Gladsome light, the prokeimenon of the day, and after the May the might of Thy Kingdom be blessed, the aposticha from the Parakletike, Glory, Both now, prosomoion theotokion (or staurothetokion), Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, the Trisagion, the apolytikion of the Saint, Glory, Both now, theotokion from the back of the Horologion, as the daily theotokia of the eight modes from the Parakletike, and the great apolysis. | back to top

  1. If the Saint of the day happens to have 6 stichera, but has no doxastikon, three of the Saints stichera are not used and the 3 from the Parakletike are chanted before the 3 of the Saint.
  2. If the Saint of the day has two doxastika, then only the stichera of the Saint are chanted, twice, without stichera from the Parakletike.
  3. If there are two Saints of the day, each with their own stichera, only the stichera of the Saints are chanted, without Parakletike.
  4. If the Saint of the day for Saturday has no doxastikon, Glory, Both now on Friday evening, the first theotokion of the mode of the week, but if the Saint has a doxastikon, Glory of the Saint, Both now, and the first theotokion of the mode of the week; the apolytikion is also of the Saint and the theotokion in the mode of the apolytikion, but if the Saint does not have a doxastikon, the apolytikion Apostles, Martyrs…Glory, Remember, Thou, O Lord…Both now, Holy Mother (See apolytikia for Friday evening, mode II, in the Horologion). The Entrance does not take place in daily vepsers (with the exception of the leave-taking Hesperinos for Feasts of the Master or Feasts of the Mother of God); when, after the prayer of the Ninth Hour, the Introductory Psalm is read straightaway, and after the O Gladsome light and the prokeimenon of the day, the Vouchesafe, O Lord, the ektenes, Let us complete, etc. In this case the Holy Doors remain closed, the Priest, censing at the Let my prayer rise, exiting by the North door and entering by the South door, wearing only the Epitrachilion.
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2. In the orthros, the Priest, Blessed is our God, Glory to Thee, Heavenly King, the Trisagion, For Thine is the Kingdom, Lord, have mercy (12 times), Glory, Both now, Come, let us worship (the three), the 50th Psalm, and the Mesonyktikon as in the Horologion. In the days of fore-feasts and after-feasts of the Lord and Mother of God, instead of Behold, the Bridegroom comes, the apolytikion of the fore-feast, or in the after-feast, the apolytikion of the Feast, and instead of the troparion Remember, O Lord, the kontakion is read. After the Mesonyktikon, straightaway the katanyktika troparia are chanted, Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy on us, Glory, Lord, have mercy on us, Both now, Open unto us (as this last troparion is chanted the curtain of the Holy Doors is pulled open), and the Priest, wearing the Epitrachilion, stands before the Gate of the holy Bema, facing East, and says, Have mercy upon us, O God, according to Thy great mercy, we pray Thee hear us and have mercy; the 1st Choir, Lord, have mercy (3 times), Again we pray for the pious and Orthodox Christians, the 2nd Choir, Lord, have mercy (3 times), Again we pray for our Archbishop…, Lord, have mercy (3 times), Again we pray for the preservation of this holy Church and city, and every city and land… and be merciful unto us; the Choirs, the Lord, have mercy, alternately, in sets of four, ten times. The Priest, Again we pray that the Lord God hear the voice of supplication of us sinners and have mercy upon us; the Choirs, Lord, have mercy three times; the Priest, Hearken unto us O God, our Savior…. Then, turning toward the people he makes the Apolysis, Glory to Thee, O God, glory to Thee; May Christ our true God, through the intercessions of His most pure Mother, the holy, glorious and praiseworthy Apostles and all the Saints have mercy on us and save us as the good one and lover of mankind; descending one step from the bema, he continues, Let us pray for the peace of the world; and the Choirs, the Lord, have mercy, continuously; For the pious and orthodox Christians, for our Archbishop and the rest, And let us say for ourselves the Lord, have mercy, three times and immediately the Through the prayers; and the people, the Amen. Receiving forgiveness, the Priest enters the sanctuary and standing before the holy Altar, makes the ekphonesis: Blessed is our God; the Reader, the Trisagion; the Priest, For Thine is the Kingdom; the Reader, the Save, O Lord, Thy people, Glory, Thou who wast lifted up on the Cross, Both now, Awesome protection, the Priest, Have mercy on us, O God etc., the ending, For Thou art a merciful God… and the Reader, In the name of the Lord, Father, bless; the Priest, Glory to the Holy and Consubstantial and life-giving and undividable Trinity, always, now and ever, and unto the ages of ages, Amen; and the Hexapsalmos [Six Psalms] are read, the people listen with compunction and complete silence; after the Hexapsalmos, the Great Synapte by the Priest and the ekphonesis, For unto Thee are due…. At God is the Lord, the apolytikion of the Saint of the day and the theotokion of the mode, as in the Hesperinos, then the Psalter of the day, and after that, the aitesis and exclamation, For Thine is the dominion; the kathismata from the Parakletike, the 50th Psalm, the kanons of the Parakletike, from which, for the katanyktika troparia we say the verse, Glory to Thee, O God, glory to Thee; for the martyrika, Saints of God intercede for us, for the other kanon of the Parakletike, on Monday we say, Archangels of God intercede for us, on Tuesday, Prophet of Christ, intercede for us, on Wednesday and Friday, Most Holy Theotokos, save us, on Thursday, Apostles of Christ, intercede for us, and for St. Nicholas, Saint of God…, and on Saturday, for the martyrika, Through the intercessions of Thy Martyrs, Christ God, repose the souls of Thy servants, for the nekrosema, Their souls repose among the righteous, and for the dead, Blessed are they whom Thou hast chosen and taken unto Thyself, Lord. Then the kanon of the Saint from the Menaion with the correlating verse, Saint of God, intercede for us (if more than one, Saints of God…); after the third ode the heirmos of the Menaion is chanted, the aitesis, the kathisma of the Saint and the theotokion; after the sixth ode the heirmos and the aitesis, the kontakion of the day (see the Horologion if the Saint has no kontakion) and the Menologion for the Saints of the day; then the remaining odes of the kanon; after the ninth ode, We praise, we bless and we worship the Lord, and the heirmos of the eighth ode is chanted, then the stichologia of the More honorable than the Cherubim and the heirmos of the ninth ode of the Menaion, [the Axion estin],* the aitesis and the ekphonesis, For Thou art praised; the exaposteilarion of the Saint of the week (see the Horologion or Parakletike), then the Saint of the day in the Menaion and the thotokion, and immediately, the For unto Thee is due all glory…, the small doxology; the Priest, Let us complete our morning supplication to the Lord, and after, the For unto Thee it is to have mercy, the aposticha of the Parakletike with their verses; the first, I was filled with thy mercy in the morning; and the second, May the brightness of the Lord our God be with us (see the Horologion), Glory, Both Now, the theotokion, the It is good to confess the Lord, the Trisagion, For Thine is the Kingdom, the specific theotokion for the end of the Orthros and the Liturgy begins. | back to top

3. The Antiphons in the Liturgy.

I.

It is good to give praise unto the Lord, and to chant unto Thy name, O Most High.
Through the intercessions of the Theotokos, Savior, save us.
To proclaim in the morning Thy mercy, and Thy truth by night.
Through the intercessions of the Theotokos, Savior, save us.
For upright is the Lord our God, and there is no unrighteousness in Him.
Through the intercessions of the Theotokos, Savior, save us.
Glory, Both now.
Through the intercessions of the Theotokos, Savior, save us.

II.

The Lord reigns, He is clothed with majesty; the Lord is clothed with strength and He hath girt Himself.
Through the intercessions of Thy Saints, save us, O Lord.
For He established the world which shall not be shaken.
Through the intercessions of Thy Saints, save us, O Lord.
Holiness becometh Thy house, O Lord, unto length of days.
Through the intercessions of Thy Saints, save us, O Lord.
Glory to the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.
Through the intercession of Thy Saints, save us, O Lord.
Both now and ever, and unto the ages of ages. Amen.
O Only-begotten Son of God…

III.

Come, let us rejoice in the Lord, let us shout with jubilation unto God our Saviour.
Save us, O Son of God, Who art wondrous in the Saints, save us who chant, Alleluia.
Let us come before His countenance with thanksgiving, and with psalms let us shout in jubilation unto Him. For the Lord is a great God and a great King over all the earth.
Save us, O Son of God, Who art wondrous in the Saints, save us who chant, Alleluia.
For in His hand are the ends of the earth and the heights of the maountains are His. For the sea is His, and He made it; and the dry land His hands have fashioned.
Save us, O Son of God, Who art wondrous in the Saints, save us who chant, Alleluia.

After the entrance, Come let us worship and bow down to Christ; save us, O Son of God, Who art wondrous in the Saints, save us who chant, Alleluia; the apolytikion of the Saint of the day, the Saint of the Church and kontakion of the day of the week (see in the Horologion); on Monday, Archangels of God; on Tuesday, Prophet of God and Forerunner; on Wednesday and Friday, Thou Who wast raised on the Cross; on Thursday, The sure and divine-voiced; on Saturday, As the origin of all nature, [2] the Trisagion, the Epistle and Gospel of the day; at the Especially, Worthy art Thou, koinonikon of the day, We have seen the light, the Priest reads the opisthambon prayer, Blessed be the name, thrice, The blessing of the Lord; the great apolysis and the Through the prayers. | back to top

When Liturgy does not follow the Orthros, immediately after the It is good, the Trisagion, the apolytikion for the Saint of the day, and immediately, Come, let us worship…, the First Hour, and then the Epistle and Gospel of the day, then the Priest, Have mercy on us, O God, according to Thy great mercy, etc.… For Thou art a merciful God Who loves mankind, and unto Thee do we ascribe glory, to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit; now and ever, and unto the ages of ages. Amen. Wisdom, Blessed is He Who Is, the Choir, Establish, O Lord God; the Priest, Glory to Thee, O God, our hope, glory to Thee, the great apolysis and the Through the prayers. | back to top

On Saturday in the Orthros, if the Saint has no exaposteilarion or ainoi, we chant the exaposteilaria of the day (which can be found in the end of the Parakletike or Horologion), at the ainoi, those of the Prakletike of the stichera of the ainoi, as well as the Glory, both now, the theotokion, the Unto Thee is due glory, Let us complete our morning supplication, etc., For unto Thee it is to have mercy; and the nekrosema aposticha prosomoia, the It is good to confess, the Trisagion, the apolytikion, Apostles, Martyrs and the Liturgy. | back to top

4. When the day is a fore-feast or after-feast of the Lord or Mother of God and the Saint of the day has doxastika, in the Hesperinos we chant three stichera of the fore-feast or after-feast and three of the Saint; Glory of the Saint, Both now from the fore-feast or after-feast, the aposticha of the fore-feast or after-feast, Glory of the Saint, Both now of the fore-feast or after-feast, apolytikion of the Saint, and the fore-feast or after-feast, the apolysis with the characteristics of the feast when it is an after-feast, but not if the day falls in a fore-feast. | back to top

5. In the morning, at the God is the Lord, the apolytikia as in the Hesperinos, the fore-feast kathismata (if they exist) or of the after-feast, the kanon of the fore-feast or after-feast and the kanon of the Saint; after the third ode the kathisma of the Saint and the fore-feast or after-feast; after the sixth ode the kontakion of the fore-feast or feast, and the Menologion of the Saints for the day; after the ninth ode, the heirmos of the eighth ode of the kanon of the Saint, and the stichologia of the More honorable, exaposteilarion of the Saint (if one exists) and that of the fore-feast or after-feast; if the Saint has ainoi, the Let everything that has breath and the stichera of the Saint are chanted, Glory of the Saint, Both now, of the fore-feast or after-feast; if the Saint does not have ainoi, after the exaposteilaria, immediately, the Unto Thee are due all glory, Let us complete our morning supplication, the ekphonesis, For unto Thee it is to have mercy and the aposticha of the fore-feast or after-feast, as well as the Glory, Both now; the It is good to confess the Lord, the Trisagion, the apolytikion of the fore-feast or feast, and the Liturgy begins, in which, on the days of a fore-feast we use the antiphons, It is good to confess the Lord, as on all weekday Liturgies, on the days of an after-feast the antiphons of the feast, [3] but at the Entrance, Come, let us worship… save us with the characteristic of the feast, apolytikion of the fore-feast or feast, the Saint, the Saint of the Church, kontakion of the fore-feast or of the feast, Epistle and Gospel of the day; at the Especially, Worthy art thou, koinonikon of the day and Apolysis. | back to top

Endnotes

  1. We say nothing here for the Ninth Hour, which precedes the Hesperinos, because enough has been noted in Protheoria, § 1. ^
  2. Some chant The protection of Christians each day. ^
  3. Some chant the daily antiphons on after-feasts also. ^

ISSN: 1941-7616   Copyright © 2008, Konstantinos Terzopoulos.

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